Process where heat energy is transferred into land and ocean surfaces on the Earth. Much of this transfer takes place when solar radiation absorbed at the land or ocean surface is converted into heat energy. On land surfaces, surface heat is transfered down into the ground by conduction. Heat energy is transfered to greater depths in ocean surfaces because liquids have the ability mix by convection. Heat energy stored in ocean waters can also move quickly over large horizontal distances in a poleward direction through ocean currents.
Surface Heat Flux